4 INSTITUTIONAL AND FINANCIAL ARRANGEMENTS
4.1 The NOWPAP Intergovernmental Meetings
24. The Northwest Pacific Action Plan, with its Goals, Objectives
and first set of Activities and Tasks, has been set in train by the approval
of the first few projects for implementation under the various Activities. The
Goals and Objectives are not expected to require significant amendment in the
short- or medium-term. However, the Activities may require review from time
to time, and their relative priority could change to reflect changes in the
regional situation. The Projects will certainly be finite and those surressfiillv
will need to he closed and evaluated, and new ones will need to be adooted.
These changes in Activities and the closing of old Projects and adoption of new ones is something which will need to happen regularly - annually, or biennially. The body charged with this review function must be made up of senior representatives of the member States. It is expected that representatives of various regional and international organizations whose aims and interests are in harmony with those of the NOWPAP will also participate in the Intergovernmental Meetings as observers.
25. It was therefore decided that policy guidance and decision-making
for the Action Plan will be provided by regular Intergovernmental Meetings.
Subsequent to its second meeting, the NOWPAP Intergovernmental Meetings will
meet annually in one of the participating countries on a rotational basis and
operate according to the terms set forth in Resolution 2.
4.2 Coordination and Implementation
26. The implementation of the Action Plan will comprise a
number of projects running in parallel. These projects will be entrusted to
national institutions to the extent that the institutions are capable. In this,
the institutions will be supported by relevant regional and international organizations,
particularly those that are already active in the region. Where necessary, national
institutions will be strengthened to enable them to participate effectively
in the various projects (see Objective 1). Until such time as national and regional
institutions can undertake all activities under the Action Plan, and whenever
a particular project so requires, local capabilities will be supplemented by
assistance of experts from elsewhere in the region or from outside the region.
27. In view of the multiple projects that are possible and
the scattered nature of the various activities, as well as the wide scope of
input possible from both within and outside the region, implementation of the
Action Plan must be coordinated. A network of participating institutions coordinated
by regional activity centres will be established for this purpose.
28. NOWPAP States, with the assistance of UNEP, will work
towards the establishment of a Regional Coordinating Unit (RCU) to ensure the
integrated and well-managed execution from within the Region of projects under
the Action Plan.
29. Until such time as an RCU is established and functioning
effectively, the member Governments designate UNEP as the organization responsible
for the coordination of the implementation of the Action Plan, and invite the
Executive Director of UNEP to prepare, in cooperation with the competent international,
regional and national organizations, a detailed programme document describing
the operational details of projects to be developed on the basis of priorities
identified by the member Governments.
4.3 Financial arrangements
30. The activities agreed upon as part of the implementation
of the Action Plan will be financed principally by contributions from the Governments,
international organizations and non-governmental organizations. Direct financial
support from UNEP and in-kind contributions from United Nations and other bodies
will be made available in the initial stages. However, participating States
acknowledge the need for financial commitments on their part and the ratio of
members' financial and in-kind contributions to contributions from the United
Nations systems will increase until the financing of the action plan is independent
of funding from the United Nations system. Nevertheless, United Nations bodies
and other international and regional organizations may continue to make contributions,
in cash or in kind, to the work being carried out under the action plan.
31. The participating Governments agree to establish a Trust
Fund for the Protection and Management of the Coastal and Marine Environment
and the Resources of the Northwest Pacific region, to be known as the NOWPAP
32. The NOWPAP Trust Fund will be contributed to by each of
the member States. The frequency of contributions, the overall amount and the
individual contribution will be agreed to no later than by the second Intergovernmental
33. More specifically, the Terms of Reference of the NOWPAP
Trust Fund shall be as follows:
The NOWPAP Trust Fund is established to provide financial
support for the implementation of the Action Plan adopted by the Intergovernmental
Meeting on the Protection, Management and Development of the Marine and Coastal
Environment of the Northwest Pacific Region.
The administration and management of the NOWPAP Trust Fund
shall be governed by the Financial Regulations and Rules of the United Nations.
It is understood that these rules provide, inter alia, that UNEP shall make
a deduction equal to 13 per cent of all expenditures financed from the Trust
Fund to defray administrative support costs.
The expenditures of the NOWPAP Trust Fund shall be financed
from contributions in accordance with the decisions on financial arrangements
adopted by the Intergovernmental Meeting on the Protection, Management and Development
of the Marine and Coastal Environment of the Northwest Pacific Region. No expenditure
from the NOWPAP Trust Fund shall be made before a minimum of US$ 50,000 has
been contributed to the Trust Fund.
All contributions shall be paid in fully convertible United
The NOWPAP Trust Fund shall be subject to audit by the United
Nations Internal Audit Service.
The Executive Director of UNEP, through his/her reports to the Intergovernmental Meetings, shall report on the status of the Trust Fund.
The Trust Fund shall be established for a period of four years,
1994-1997, and decisions for its extension shall be made by the Intergovernmental
Meetings of NOWPAP through the relevant Governing Councils of UNEP.